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Many Luftwaffe planes, such as the Bf-109, would feature a yellow nose. Why is that?
The yellow markings question was first asked by RAF pilots tackling the Germans over Great Britain in August 1940.
It should be noted that the yellow paint scheme was not present – or at least not noted by some, during the first years of the invasions of France and the other countries.
When RAF pilots saw the markings, they initially thought these were reserved for German Ace pilots, but this wasn’t the case. Some of the first German planes to use these markings were from the JG 26 and 54 fighter wings.
The yellow paint was mainly applied to the tail and wingtips, as well as the top and trailing edges of the rudder. Meanwhile, some aircraft’s paint coverage included the cowlings/nose area and the whole rudder itself later on.
These were painted on to assist German pilots in recognizing their fellow aircraft, lessening the risk of friendly fire.
Later on in the war, other fighters like the Fw-190 and Ju-87s also had the paintings present. Bombers like the He-111 and Ju-88 would also feature markings on either their wingtips or the rear of the fuselage.